What is a Lilihan Rug?
Lilihan (Lilian) rugs are a type of Persian rug. They are most similar in design and texture to Sarouk rugs. The term Lilihan is more commonly used in the US and is less widely known in Europe. They are also similar in design and color to Dergazine rugs. Lilihans are slightly floppier than the denser Sarouk rug or thicker Dergazine rug.
Structure of Lilihan Rugs
They are single-wefted with a Hamedan weave and woven with Turkish knots. Antique Lilihan rugs are finely woven. They typically have cotton foundations with a soft wool pile. The pile is typically clipped long. Because of their tight weaves they hold up well in mid- to high-traffic areas. See the weave of a Lilihan rug pictured below.
Designs and Colors
Tones of red or pink in the field and design are common along with neutral and blue highlights. Some have undergone the process of being washed and painted like many Sarouk rugs. In fact, they are often mistaken for Sarouks. For more information on Sarouk rugs and how to identify them, see our Sarouk rug guide. Designs normally feature floral motifs and sprays with curvilinear designs. They come in a variety of sizes from 2x3-8x10. They are tightly woven with high quality materials making them durable and long-lasting. The intricately woven designs, attractive colors and high quality wools make Lilihan rugs highly desirable among decorators.
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