Heriz (Herez) rugs are a type of Persian rug. Bakshis, Gorevan, and Serapi are popular types of carpets woven in the Heriz region (1). The Heriz pattern is also made in India both in bright deep traditional colors and also in softer earth tones(2). Herez is a city found in northwestern Iran in the province of Azerbijan (3).
Some Heriz characteristics are thought to be derived from the classical Caucasian carpets of the 17th and 18th centuries. Other Heriz rugs produced in silk have characteristics which link closely to Persian carpets and are identified as Heriz rugs by their weave (4).
Heriz carpets are commonly found as room-sized but can also be found as runners and area rugs. The foundation is usually cotton with a wool pile (4). There is a great variation in the quality of the wool and skill of the weaving in this rug type (2). Heriz rugs usually have a classic medallion and corner design. Brick, rust reds, and deep blue’s are common colors found in these rugs (2).
They can have all over patterns but are more often seen with a large geometric medallion. Floral patterns can be found on Heriz rugs with unique angular contours. Heriz rugs are famous for their durability (4).
Heriz carpets usually have three stripes for their borders. The outer and inner narrow guards commonly contain a floral design and the wide middle stripe usually contains a continuous vine with leaves (3).
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(1) Bennett, Ian. Book of Oriental Carpets and Rugs. New York, The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1972. Print.
(2) Jerrehian, Aram K. Jr. Oriental Rug Primer; Buying and Understanding New Oriental Rugs. Pennsylvania, Running Press, 1980. Print.
(3) Hawley, Walter A. Oriental Rugs Antique and Modern. Ebook. Release May, 20 2012. <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/39740/39740-h/39740-h.htm>
(4) “Heriz Persian Rugs.” Woven Accents Antique Rug Dealer. 2013. <http://www.wovenonline.com/heriz/>