By Jessica Allan
One of the most common types of Persian rugs seen in the United States is the Persian Hamadan. The city of Hamadan (Hamedan) can be found in western Iran in the province which is also called Hamedan. It is one of the largest weaving areas in the region and encompasses hundreds of villages. Each one of these villages has its own characteristic weaving tradition that dictates the patterns and sizes of the rugs made there (1). Some of these types include the Bibikabad, Ingeles, Borchelou, Dergazine, and Hussainabad.
The majority of rugs woven in the Hamadan region use the same color palette of primary colors with ivory, red, blue or brown backgrounds. Hamadan designs are generally simple and usually incorporate floral elements. They also can have hexagonal or diamond shaped designs. Smaller Hamadans typically have a pattern which consists of a central diamond-shaped medallion. Larger rugs and runners can contain three or more medallions. Medallions found in Hamadans can contain geometric figures, floral designs, serrated lines, or hooks among other patterns. Herati designs are one of the most famous patterns found in Hamadans and are named after the village of Herat. However these designs have been less prevalent since WW2. Hamadan rugs are almost always woven on cotton foundations. Before WW1 Hamadans were more commonly woven on wool foundations (1,2). Both the Turkish knot and the Persian knot can be found in different types of Hamadan rugs.
Camels hair was used more often in the pile of older Hamadans for its color which contrasted well with the bright shades of blue, red and yellow found in other parts of the rug(2). When wool is used for the pile it ranges from coarse to medium in quality. The pile is usually sheared to a medium height. Sizes of Hamadan rugs vary among villages but most are made in smaller sizes from mats to 9’ x 12’ and runners. Hamadan rugs are overall less expensive than other types of Oriental rugs (1).
Persian Hamedan Mat Persian Hamedan Runner
View more Hamedan rug examples on our Pinterest Board!
(1) Jerrehian, Aram K. Jr. Oriental Rug Primer; Buying and Understanding New Oriental Rugs. Pennsylvania, Running Press, 1980. Print.
(2) Hawley, Walter A. Oriental Rugs, Antique and Modern. USA, John Lane Company, 1913. Ebook released 2012:
(3) Bennett, Ian. Book of Oriental Carpets and Rugs. New York, The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, 1972. Print.
(4) Gans-Ruedin, E. The Great Book of Oriental Carpets. New York, Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. 1983. Print, p.22.