For every letter of the alphabet there are many Oriental rug terms, but this time I only selected one for each. Enjoy the list I came up with below!
Abrash: Color variation in a handmade Oriental rug. Abrash is often due to differences in wool quality or dyeing methods.
Border: Oriental rugs may have one or many borders. The border is the design which surrounds the main area of the carpet, similar to a frame of a picture.
Cartoon: A color drawing of a rug on graph paper which is followed by the weavers as a template.
Dyes: Synthetic or Natural dyes are used to color the wool used in weaving an Oriental rug.
Edge: The edge of the rug is typically bound by wool to secure the foundation and knots. The edges may become worn down over time and need to be rebound.
Fringe: The fringe of an Oriental rug is found at each end, and is typically white in color. It is formed from the warp threads of the foundation.
Ground/Field: The ground is the main area of the rug where the principle color and design are located within the borders.
Hamedan: One of the most common types of Persian rug. Comprised of many villages, the region of Hamedan produces a variety of different rugs. Learn more about Hamedan rugs>
Indigo: Blue dye is obtained from the Indigo plant and also made synthetically.
Jufti: The jufti knot is found as both Persian and Turkish knots, however, rather than wrapping around single foundation threads, the knot wraps around pairs of threads. This speeds up the weaving process but forms a rug of lower quality than those woven with typical knots.
Knots: Knots make the pile in Hand-knotted Oriental rugs. There are several types of knots but the two general types are Persian (asymmetrical) and Turkish (symmetrical).
Loom: A loom is a frame used to weave textiles and rugs.
Medallion: A medallion design is a common pattern found in traditional Oriental rugs. It may be a diamond shape, or it may have floral elements. The most typical design including a medallion features a single medallion in the center of the rug.
Ningxia: Beautiful carpets woven with traditional Chinese motifs and designs in yellow tones.
Overcasting: A method used to secure fringe ends from unraveling due to wear.
Painting: Applying paint to the front of the rug after it has been woven. Washed and painted Sarouks were very common in the mid 20th century. Dealers were often stripping areas of color and re-dyeing or “painting” them with a different color to appeal to the rug market.
Qashqai: A tribal style rug woven in the southwest region of Iran.
Re-weave: A repair type used to fix damaged areas due to moth, or dry rot. The repair person cuts out the damage and uses the appropriate color and design to re-weave the area.
Silk: Silk, like wool, is a material found in some fine carpets. It can be used as the pile, as highlights in the pile, and as the foundation. There are cheaper copies of fine carpets which use artificial silk.
Tribal rug: A village or nomadic rug woven with bold colors, and strong geometric shapes and designs.
Ushak: A highly desirable antique Turkish rug type with muted color schemes and known for popular styles including the Lotto and Holbein carpets.
Vase Carpet: A popular carpet woven in Kerman, Iran from the 17-18th century featuring floral motifs and curvilinear patterns.
Warp/Weft: The specific foundation threads of a hand-knotted Oriental rug. The warp threads run vertically and the weft threads are horizontal.
Xinjiang: Type of antique Chinese carpet woven with bright, contrasting colors.
Yastik: A very small, usually red, Turkish rug type which is popular among collectors.
Z-Spun: Yarn is either spun in a counter-clockwise (Z) direction or a clockwise (S) direction.
Also, check out some of the new authentic Oriental rugs we have been adding daily to our site!