Tag Archives: oriental rugs online

Oriental Rug Designs by Type

When shopping for an Oriental rug, all of the available colors and patterns can get overwhelming. Below I will outline some of the basic designs found in different types of Oriental rugs to help you decide which rug will be a good fit for your home.

Persian rugs have the most design variety. Some of these include a single medallion set in a solid colored field, an all-over design such as the Herati pattern, a tribal pattern with geometric shapes, or an all-over floral pattern.

Turkish rugs are often associated with tribal patterns, but they also come in all-over patterns with palmette motifs such as the rug seen below.

Bokhara rugs are the most easily identifiable Oriental rug with distinct gul medallions like the rug pictured below. These come in almost every color of the rainbow and are very easy to decorate with.

Bokhara rug

Traditional gul medallions in a Bokhara rug with an orange field

Caucasian rugs are often one of the most desirable rug types. With tribal designs and geometric patterns paired with bold color palettes, these add a touch of character to every room.

Antique Caucasian rug

Antique Caucasian Kuba rug with all-over pattern

Jessie’s Oriental rugs carries many types of discount Oriental rugs, check out some of the antique rugs in the shop today.

Types of Hamedan Rugs

Persian Rug Runner

Traditional Persian Hamedan rug runner with a red field and ivory border. Shop Now >

A name that almost everyone is familiar with in the world of Oriental rugs is Hamedan. Hamedan rugs are a type of Persian rug. They are made in the Hamedan province in what is now called Iran. It is one of the largest weaving areas in the region and the province encompasses hundreds of villages which contributed to it becoming one of the greatest rug markets in Persia. The city of Hamedan is the capital of the Hamedan province.

Hamedan rugs usually have a cotton foundation, a wool pile and are woven with Turkish knots. Older Hamedan rugs may have a wool foundation. Designs include single medallions, multiple medallions, floral motifs and geometric motifs. The design often depends on the village or location where the rug was woven. For example, Bibikabad rugs usually have a small center medallion surrounded by an all-over design while Dergazine rugs almost always have an all-over pattern with floral sprays mimicking Sarouk rugs.

Large Persian Rug

Persian Bibikabad Rug. Bibikabads come in large carpet sizes such as 8×10 and larger. Shop Now >

 

Pink Persian Oriental Rug

Persian Dergazine rug runner with all-over floral pattern. These rugs are similar in style to Sarouk rugs.

With so many different villages and weavers working in the Hamedan province, Hamedan rugs often have the most varied designs of all Oriental rug styles.  Although there are many types of Hamedan rugs, some of the most popular types include Bibikabad, Borchelou, Dergazine, Ingeles, Hussainabad, Kabudrahang, Lilihan, Malayer, Maslaghan, Nahavand, Rudbar, and Tajabad among others. Often times inexperienced rug sellers or even rug dealers may refer to these specific types generally as Hamedans as it can become confusing to use city or village names.

Red Persian rug

A red Persian Hussainabad rug with an all-over Herati pattern. Shop Now >

Hamedan rugs often come in smaller and runner sizes. The sub-types of Hamedans can often be found in more specific sizes. For example, a room-sized Bibikabad or Kabudrahang is very common, while they are not easily found in smaller sizes. A Dergazine may be found in a 4×6 or smaller size, or a runner, but a large room-sized carpet is highly unlikely to be described as a Dergazine.

Red Persian Rug

Large Red Persian Kapoutrang rug. Kapoutrangs often come in large room-sizes such as 8×10 and larger. Shop Now >

The characteristics that can be used to define a rug from the Hamedan region include the weave which is composed of a single weft thread, the knot-type, and the colors. Red, Ivory and Blue are the most commonly used colors in the Hamedan province. As seen in the examples above, each rug has some shade of red, ivory and blue in it. If the rug does not have red, ivory or blue it does not mean it is not a Hamedan, each characteristic of the rug must be looked at to classify the Oriental rug in question.

Do you have any Hamedan rugs in your home?

The Value of Persian Rugs

As I mentioned before, some Oriental rugs have price tags comparable to brand new vehicles. You might ask yourself, why would someone spend so much money on something to be walked on? There are several reasons antique Oriental rugs hold their value, and in many cases are worth more as they age.

Antique Persian rug

Antique Persian Kurdistan Bag face with a hand-knotted pile

Persian rugs have long been seen as a symbol of wealth and elite status. This can partly be attributed to older Persian dynasties, such as the Safavid dynasty (1502 – 1736). Many of their courts held some of the best carpets ever made. This period is often referred to as the Golden age of Persian carpets. During this time weavers were trained by the best and utilized the finest materials, such as silk for the pile of the rug accented with silver and gold threads. One of the world’s oldest Oriental carpets from this time is called the Ardabil carpet and is on display at the Victoria and Albert museum. Learn more about the history of this prized piece of art > 

Semi Antique Persian Rug

Semi-Antique Persian Kirman rug with buff-beige field

Older rugs from these palaces and from these looms have long been sought after by dealers and collectors. When one of these rugs goes onto the auction block it is sure to turn into an exciting bidding war. Recently a record was broken at Sotheby’s for the most expensive Oriental carpet which went for $33,765,000. This is obviously not the norm, but occasionally rugs like that do come on the market. Learn more about this stunning rug >

Oriental rug for sale

Close-up of the knots making up the Persian Kurdistan pictured above

When you look at the back of a rug to see each and every knot tied by skillful weavers it is hard not to imagine why they are worth so much money. The time, effort, and skill put into a Persian rug are reasons enough for the price tag. When you buy a Persian rug, you are making an investment. The majority of rugs will last generations, and the rug you buy today could be the rug laid in your granddaughter’s living room. These rugs will last a lifetime. So when faced with the decision of buying a genuine Oriental rug or a machine-made copy, the choice is obvious. A machine-made rug (unless one of the more desirable brands such as Karastan) will not last your lifetime, and they will not become prettier as they wear such as Oriental rugs do.

The last reason I will mention for the desirability of Persian rugs in the United States is the embargo on Iran. At a later date I will delve deeper into it, but the fact that no Persian rugs are being imported to the USA means everyone wants to snatch up the rugs available here now.

Shop authentic Persian rugs >

What types of rugs do you have in your home? How long has a rug been in your family? Share your thoughts below!

The Anatomy of an Oriental Rug

Components of an Oriental Rug

When searching for a rug the vocabulary can get confusing. I have outlined a variety of terms you can expect to come across when researching Oriental rugs for sale.

Persian Hamedan rug

The components of a generic Persian Hamedan Oriental rug

Field: The field is the solid space surrounding the medallion or design. It is usually the main color of the rug. The color of the field in this diagram is red, for example.

Medallion: A medallion is one of the most common designs found in Oriental rugs. It usually takes a diamond shape set in the center of the field. In the diagram it is ivory.

Border: The main border is the thickest, or widest border with the main border design. The main border above is ivory.

Guard Border (Strips): Guard borders are the smaller borders flanking the main border on the inside and the outer edge. As seen in the diagram, the guard borders are partially missing at the ends. These are often missing or fraying in older Oriental rugs that have not been overcasted.

Corner Brackets: These are also known as spandrels. They are often seen in the corners of the field of an Oriental rug.

Motifs: Motifs describe the small patterns within the overall rug design. See our guide to Oriental rug motifs >

Fringe: Fringe describes the tassel-like ends of an Oriental rug.

Indian Oriental rug

Fringe tied off at the end of the Oriental rug

These are actually a part of the foundation of the rug and are called warp threads. When the weaver has completed the rug they will often tie the ends off in knots as seen in the picture to the right.

Edge: The edge of the rug is the selvedge on the sides. There are two edges, one on the left and the other on the right and they are bound with yarn as seen below.

Persian Sarouk Oriental Rug

The edges on this Persian Sarouk are worn, but the binding is still present. The color of the binding is brown.

Selvedge: Selvedge describes a fringe end with no “tassels”, it has been woven into itself to prevent fraying. See the example below.

Persian Hamedan rug

Rather than tassels the fringe has been woven back into itself. It is common to find one selvedge end in vintage and antique Persian rugs.

Foundation: The foundation of the rug is made up of warp and weft threads. These alone produce a criss-cross pattern and do not include the knots.

Warp: Warp threads are the vertical threads of the foundation of an Oriental rug which run parallel to the edges of the rug.

Weft: Weft threads are the horizontal threads of the foundation of an Oriental rug. I remember these because weft rhymes with “left” and they run from right to left.

Knots: Knots make the pile of the rug, yarn is knotted onto the foundation. See the two basic Oriental rug knots below.

Persian Knot

Persian Knot

Turkish Knot

Turkish Knot

 

Pile: Pile is the soft material on the top of the rug which results from the knots.

KPSI: KPSI is the abbreviation for Knots per Square Inch. It is often used as a measure of the rugs quality. See our guide on counting rug knots >

 

Oriental rug drawing

A simplified drawing of an Oriental rug with the components labeled

 

Describing an Oriental Rug

Abrash: When someone refers to abrash in an Oriental rug they are talking about the change in tone of a specific color. During the weaving process, the weaver will change wool lots as they run out of wool. The next wool lot may have been dyed for a slightly longer or shorter time frame than the last causing a color tone change in the rug as seen below. To people who are new in the market they may recognize this as a mistake or something which detracts from the rugs value. In fact, many seasoned collectors appreciate abrash and recognize it as a characteristic of a true rug.

Antique Caucasian rug

An antique Caucasian rug with beautiful blue abrash. Note the variation from light blue to dark blue in the field.

Moth Damage/Moth Nicks: Recently, I posted an article about the webbing clothes moth AKA the moth that eats the wool in rugs. A moth nick is a term used to describe a small area on an Oriental rug (about the size of a quarter or smaller) that is missing wool pile due to moth. The moth will eat the wool that makes up the pile of a rug, leaving the cotton foundation threads exposed as seen in the photo below. Moth damage is used to describe more severe cases in which there may be a large area missing wool due to moths.

afghan baluch rug

The white threads you are seeing in this moth nick are the foundation threads.

 

Overcasting: Overcasting is an important repair process in older rugs or rugs which are exposed to high traffic areas. Overcasting the ends of an oriental rug prevents fraying.

Antique Caucasian Shirvan

A photo of the weave of the antique Oriental rug with the abrash mentioned previously.

Weave: One of the most common questions asked by a rug dealer buying a rug is, can I see the weave? This means they want to see the back of the rug. The weave can tell a lot about an Oriental rug, such as where it was made, how old it is, and how much it may be worth.

More Resources:

Check these sites for more info on how Oriental rugs are made

http://www.nomad-art.com/rug_loom_types.htm

http://www.jacobsenrugs.com/terms.htm

 

How to Buy an Oriental Rug Like a Pro

Your first or even your third Oriental rug purchase can be overwhelming. With some Oriental rugs priced similar to cars it is important to know what your plan is before opening your checkbook.

1. Measure Your Space

If you are not sure how to fit a rug into your space, check out our area rug size guide. Figure out what size rug you are looking for. An important question when buying a rug online is whether the listed measurement includes the fringe. I have seen some pretty long fringe, but on average fringe adds about 2 inches at each end.

Turkish Kilim rug

Very long fringe on a Turkish Kilim rug

The last thing you want to do is find the perfect rug, only to have it be delivered and see the fringe climbing up your walls because someone forgot to add it to the measurement. Some rug dealers round to the nearest foot, for example if a rug measures 3′ x 4′ 9 they may refer to it as 3′ x 5′. You don’t want to pay for a 3′ x 5′ rug and be disappointed when you find out it’s 3 inches shorter so make sure you ask the dealer if the measurement is accurate and includes the fringe. If you forget to ask about the fringe you can always trim it shorter to fit in your space.

3. Make sure it is real

Reputable rug dealers will not try to trick you into buying a machine made rug labeled as an authentic Oriental rug. But, if you are looking on eBay or Craigslist and dealing with inexperienced dealers you should be prepared to identify whether the rug is hand woven or machine made. Our guide to identifying authentic Oriental rugs can help you with that.

4. Be Ready to Haggle

Bickering with someone over a price is not everyone’s forte. First, you want to ask yourself if the marked price is fair; is it a price you would pay? If not, would you pay 75%? When you are ready to haggle, make sure you have a price in mind of what you are willing to pay, but do not offer that price immediately. The likelihood the dealer will take your first offer is slim; he or she will most likely counter your offer.

A great place to build your confidence with haggling is behind a computer screen using eBay. Start out with a small item that has the Make an Offer option.

5. Try it out

Pink Persian Hamadan rug

Pink Persian Hamadan rug

If you are buying a rug online, you will obviously not have the opportunity to take it home and “try it before you buy it”. For that reason it is important to be clear on the company’s return policy. Make sure you are aware of the time frame you will have to put the rug down and see that it fits in your space.

If you are buying your antique or semi-antique rug in person, ask if you can leave a deposit to try it for several days in your space. The majority of rug dealers allow their customers to try rugs in their home before making the purchase. Obviously this won’t work if you are buying the rug on a site like Craigslist, so make sure you look it over carefully during the exchange.

Persian Kirman Rug

Close up look at wear on a Persian Kirman

Lastly, you will want to inspect the rug to make sure there is no live moth or damage. This tip really applies to private sales such as sales on Craigslist. You can ask if it comes from a smoke free home, when the last time it was washed was, and whether or not they had pets that may have had accidents on the rug. It can be devastating to bring your new rug home just to find it is making your home smell like cigarette smoke. Any time I am buying a rug I smell it. Rugs are like filters; they capture all of the fragrances and dust floating around your home. I once bought an antique rug that smelled like women’s perfume.

What are your tips for first time rug buyers?

Happy Holidays from JessiesRugs.com

Wishing everyone a very Happy Holiday season and New Year! Check back in 2015 for some great discount antique Oriental rugs and more!

Persian Kazvin Rug

Mike with a very large Persian Kazvin rug

 

Persian Kazvin Rug

Jess with the Persian Kazvin rug

 

Persian Kazvin Rug

All rolled out

Slowly moving in to our new location

Recently we moved our warehouse to a new location.

Discount Oriental rug warehouse

Mike is pretty happy with the new space.

It took a while to get the heat turned on, as you can see our system is older than some of our antique Oriental rugs.

Antique heating system

The Thermolier is keeping us toasty this season!

And a back shot of the fan in the heating system:

Antique Heating System

Pumping out heat

Next on the list was installing blinds.

Installing Blinds

Installing blinds

This looks easier than it was. Mike had to stand on a wobbly plastic fold out table to reach the top, but the finished product looks perfect!

Blinds Installed

Beautiful blinds!

Next on the list was installing the floor. We found these great planks at Home Depot that snap together easily.

Wood floor installation

Snapping the planks together.

It might look like Mike’s doing all the work, but someone had to take the pictures…

Oriental rug photos

Mike installing wood floor for our Oriental rug photos

Sarouk Rug

Persian Sarouk rug on the new floor

We completed the floor yesterday and we are finally able to take pictures of some of the rugs we got almost a month ago. This one in particular is a gorgeous Sarouk Persian rug.

It’s looking pretty empty right now because we haven’t installed our alarm system yet. Once the alarm is installed we will be bringing the rest of our rugs from storage.

Oriental rugs online

The finished product

Check out some of our newly listed one of a kind discount Oriental rugs at JessiesRugs.com.